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Wednesday, 21 February 2018

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Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya


Museu Nacional d Art de CatalunyaThe Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya is a museum of Catalan visual art located in the Palau Nacional, built for the 1929 World's Fair. Situated on the Montju´c hill at the end of Avinguda de la Reina Maria Cristina, it was rehabilitated for the 1992 Summer Olympics. The museum was located in this building in 1990, when the Catalonian Museum Law reunited the collections of the former Museu d'Art de Catalunya and the Museu d'Art Modern, and declared it the national museum. The new museum thus combined Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and the 19th and 20th century art collections.

The museum opened in 1995, with the Romanesque art section. The Gothic art section was opened on 1997, while the Renaissance, Baroque, 19th century and 20th century collections opened on 2000. The official opening, with the building completely rehabilitated and all the collections in place, was in 2004.

The original Museu d'Art de Catalunya was opened on 1934 on the same location as today, but was closed during the Spanish Civil War. It was reopened from 1940 to 1942. On 1945, the Modern Art Museum opened in the Arsenal of the Ciutadella park.

Since 2004, the MNAC accommodates works of the Thyssen-Bornemisza collection. The works were exposed in the Monastery of Pedralbes but it was decided to move them to facilitate the visits of the public. Paintings of the periods included between the Gothic period and the rococo are shown.


  • Romanesque art: This collection contains mainly Catalan art from the 11th-13th centuries (with some works pre-dating this period). The most significant part of this collection are the internationally important wall-paintings of Romanesque churches and chapels around Catalonia that have been transferred to the museum, including the fragmentary remains of the cycle by English artists from Sigena, and sculptures like the Batllo Crucifix.
  • Gothic art: Catalan art from the 13th-15th centuries, along with some Italian art.
  • Renaissance and Baroque art: Spanish, Italian and Flemish art from the 16th-18th centuries. The collection was started with the local art and augmented mostly through donations, specially that of the Francesc Cambˇ collection.
  • Modern art: Catalan art from the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th century, including photography and the decorative arts. Notable are the works of Ramon Casas, Santiago Rusi˝ol, Isidre Nonell, Pau Gargallo and the modernist decorative arts of Antoni GaudÝ. Picasso's Woman in Hat and Fur Collar can be found in this section, too.
  • Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection: A collection of works deposited by the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. It includes pieces from the Renaissance and Baroque. It also includes a collection of Catalan art belonging to the Carmen Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection, from the mid-19th century to the second half of the 20th century.
  • Department of Drawings and Prints: collection of drawings, prints and posters from the last 17th century to the historical avant-gardes.
  • Photography collection: Photographs from the 19th century to mid-1990s.
  • Numismatics collection: Coins, medals and paper money from VI BC to the present day. Outstanding is the collection of pieces from Catalonia and the neighbouring territories.

The Building

The National Palau of Montju´c was constructed among 1926 and 1929, with the goal to be the main building of the International Exhibition of Barcelona of 1929, like this like to show an Exhibition of Spanish Art (The Arte in Espa˝a), with more than 5.000 works coming from all the State.

The building is a work of Eugenio Cendoya and Enric CatÓ, under the supervision of Pere DomŔnech i Roura, rejecting an initial project of Puig i Cadafalch and Guillem Busquets. It shows a symmetrical main fašade, with a central body who stands out and two lateral ones; the central body is crowned all the set of the fašade by a dome of roman, dominant style and accompanies itself to the sides of two smaller domes. The four angles of the big Hall are compound for some towers of square plant that integrate into the composition of the fašade exterior.

The work has an area of 32.000 m▓ and is from classicist style, inspired in the Spanish Renaissance. It has a rectangular floor with two lateral bodies and one of posterior square, with a big dome on the part central. The waterfalls and fountains of the outside staircase of the Palau would be a work of Carles Bu´gas. In the same period nine big projectors that today still issue some intense bundles of light that write the name of the city in the sky were placed.

In its show the opening ceremony of the exhibition The Arte was made in Espa˝a, presided by the king Alphonse XIII and the queen Vict˛ria EugŔnia.

In the decoration of the Palau -of art nouveau style (contrarily to the classicism of l'estructura)-, several artists, like the sculptors Enric Casanovas, Josep Dunyach, Frederic MarŔs and Josep Llimona, and the painters Francesc d'AssÝs GalÝ, intervened Josep de Togores, Manuel Humbert, Josep Obiols, Joan Colom and Francesc Labarta.[5] From 1934 it is the headquarters|venue of the MNAC.


Palau Nacional
Parc de Montju´c
08038 Barcelona

Public Transport

  • Underground L1 and L3 (Pl. Espanya)
  • Buses Bus Parc de Montju´c (Av. de Maria Cristina-MNAC)
    • 50 (Av. De l'Estadi/Piscines Picornell)
    • 13 (Av. MarquŔs de Comillas/Poble Espanyol)
    • 55 (Museu MNAC/Museu Etnol˛gic)
    • Up to Pl. d'Espanya 9, 27, 30, 37, 56,57, 65, 79, 109, 157, 165
  • Tourist Bus MNAC
  • Montju´c tourist train (consult running dates)
  • FGC L8, S33, S4, S8, R5, R6 (Espanya Station)

Opening times of the MNAC

  • Tuesday to Saturday: 10 am to 7 pm
  • Sunday and public holidays: 10 am to 2.30 pm
  • Monday: closed, except public holidays
  • Closed: January 1st, May 1st and December 25th
  • Free entrance: First Sunday of each month

Admission tickets

  • General ticket: Ç 8,50 (valid for two days: permanent collection)
  • Temporary exhibitions : contact the Museum
  • Annual subscription: (From the date of purchase) Ç 14 (Unlimited access to the permanent collection and the temporary exhibitions. Friends of MNAC Desk)

Reduced charges

  • Unemployed people 30% reduction
  • Families (2 adults + 1 child) and holders of extended family document 30% reduction
  • Adult groups 30% reduction
  • School or student groups, accompanied by teachers or lecturers without booking 30% reduction
  • Tourist Bus 20% reduction

Free visit

  • Under 16 years old
  • Over 65 years of age
  • Teachers with credentials and School or student groups, accompanied by teachers or lecturers previous booking
  • People accompanying groups
  • Students with credentials from the corresponding department, carrying out research work
  • The first Sunday of each month, September 11th and 24th. May 18th, International Day of the Museums.

Reduced charges

  • MNAC (Palau Nacional on Montju´c) / Poble Espanyol: Ç 12. The ticket price includes the visit to the permanent and temporary exhibitions of the MNAC and Poble Espanyol

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